pradesh's valuable natural heritage is its variety and abundance of wildlife.
The flocks of resident and migratory birds in and around the lakes of
to promote proper protection and conservation to the resident and migratory
Greylag Goose, Pintail, Common teal, Cotton teal, Red Crested pochard, Brahmini duck, Gadwall, Shoveller, Wigeon, Coot and Mallard etc.
Resident and locally migratory birds:
Spotwill, Sarus crane, Painted Stork, White Ibis, Black Ibis, Dabchick, Whisling teal, Open billed stork, White necked stork, Black necked stork, Spoon bill, Pheasant tailed jacana, Broze winged Jacana, Purple moorrhen, White breasted Water hen, Indian Moorhen, Grebe, Cormorant Darter, Lapwing, Egret, Purple heron, Pond heron, Stone curlew, King fisher, Night jar, Tern vulture, Kite, Partridge, Hawk wagle, Koel, Dove, Pigeon, King crow, Baya, Muniya, Golden oriole, Barbet. Babler, Indian roller, Bee eater, Parakeet, Drongo, Hoopoe, Finch, Peacock, Brain fever bird, Comb duck etc.
Katla, Mangur, Saul, Sindhi, Kavai etc.
Cobra, Viper, Krait, Ratsnake and Water snake etc.
Prosopis juliflora, Babul, Acacia auriculiformis, Arjun, Kanji, Siras, Neem, Bargad,Eukeliptus, Gulmohar and some water plants.
A deep park is also situated in the bird sanctury area which has Spotted deer and Barking deer.
Bird Interpretation centre:
To enhance the knowledge of visitors regarding birds an Interpretation Centre is established in the Sanctuary. It has the provision of film shows related to wildlife.
To facilitate close observation of birds in the sanctuary two walking trails namely eastern and western trails have been constructed whereupon platforms and benches are placed for rest.
Nawabganj Bird sanctuary is
situated in Unnao Distt.,45 Km. from
BADARQA HARBANS (Block- Sikandarpur Karan : Pargana- Harha : Tehsil Unnao)
BAKSAR (Block- Sumerpur : Pargana- Daundia Khera : Tehsil Bighapur)
the southmost village of the district, lies on the left bank of the Ganga,
about 5 km south of Daundia Khera and 51 km south-east of Unnao. The place is
said to derive its name from a sanskrit word Bakasram denoting the residence of Baka, a rakshas, who
founded a town at the site of the present village. He lived here and erected
a temple to Nageshwar Nath Mahadeo. Baka is said to have been killed by lord
BANGARMAU (Block- Bangarmau : Pargana- Bangarmau : Tehsil : Safipur)
Bangarmau , a large village, lies in the centre of the Pargana, which derives its name from this village, surrounded by extensive groves. It is situated on the left bank of Kalyani, about 49 km north-west of Unnao and 22 km north-west of Safipur on the Unnao-Hardoi road.
ancient town of Newal stood close to te site of Bangarmau, and was occupied
by Raja Nal, a local ruler and is traditionally associated with ancient site
of 'Alavi' of the Buddhist records and 'Navadevakula' of Huien Tsang's
travel accounts. According to Buddhist literature, Buddha stayed here for
sometime and preached the gospel. The antiquity of the place is attested by
the discovery of earthern black polished wares and other Archaeological
finds. One terracotta piece, in particular, representing 'Aradhanarishwari' a
rare specimen of its kind in
The Budhawa Mangal fair is held here on the first Tuesday of Chaitra. Two other fairs are also organised here by the villagers, one known as Baboo Mian ka Mela, falls on the Ist Tuesday of Chaitra, and the other, called the fair of Shitla Devi, falls on the 8th day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra.
DAUNDIA KHERA ( Block- Sumerpur : Pargana-Daundia Khera : Tehsil- Bighapur.)
known as Sangrampur, lies on the high bank of Morahi (Naurahi) river about 5
km west of the Unnao-Dalmau road and 29 km south of Purwa.
MOHAN (Block- Hasanganj : Pargana:- Auras-Mohan : Tehsil- Hasanganj)
Mohan, a considerable village lies on the left bank of the Sai river, about 6 km east of Hasanganj and 38 km north-east of Unnao. Roads lead from this place to Malihabad in Dist. Lucknow on the east, Nawabganj on the south and Bangarmau on the north-west. During the days of the Nawabs of Avadh, it was an important town, of which many residents found employment in the court of the Nawab and earned large fortunes. The town was well known for its Unani Hakims, mimics & actors.
To the south of the village near the Sai, is a high mound, supposed to be the remains of an ancient fort. On this mound is an old tomb of a Muslim Saint.
NAWABGANJ (Block- Nawabganj : Pargana- Jhalotar Ajgain : Tehsil- Hasanganj )
lies on the
scene of heavy fighiting with 'General'
Tuhwar Hussain was then ordered to take command but he refused, and Mohammad Hussain who was formerly Chakladar volunteered and set out against the General. He was defeated but remained at Nawabganj, and fell upon the British troops, when the General harassed by the men of the Talooqdars' Mansab Ali, Jassa Singh, Baboo, Rao Ram Buksh and others, retreated back.
PARIYAR (Block- Sikandarpur Sirausi : Pargana- Pariyar : Tehsil- Unnao)
which gives its name to a Pargana, lies on the left bank of the
Tradition has it that in the Treta Yuga, Lakshman at the behest of his brother Rama accompanied Sita to her banishment to this place, which in consequence, came to be known as Parhar, a Sanskrit word meaning abandonment. With the passage of time the name Parhar has been converted to pariyar. It was here that Sita gave birth to Lava & Kusha who were trained in archery by Valmiki, and grew up to be accomplished warriors. They caught Shyambaran, a horse loosed by Rama during Aswamedh Yajna arranged by him and this gave a signal of for a war between Rama and his Sons whom he did not know.
The village is said to have been founded in the 12th century by Himachal Singh, a Dikhit Thakur. The place possesses 2 temples, one of Balkaneshwar Nath Mahadeo, said to have been built by Lava & Kusha and the other of Janki.
PATAN (Takia) (Block - Sumerpur : Pargana-Patan : Tehsil- Bighapur)
lies on the road from Unnao to
The village possesses a temple dedicated to Lingeshwar Mahadeo, a Tomb of Muhabbat Shah, and an ancient mound ascribed to the Bhars. A large fair known as 'Takia - Ka - Mela', is held hereon the Ist thursday of Paus, in honour of Niamat Shah, a disciple of Muhabbat Shah, a darvesh, who was a contemporary of Shuja-ud-daulah and Asaf-ud-daula, nawabs of Avadh. The story goes that once a Kurmi devotee of Muhabbat Shah fell accidently into a dry well and called out his name for help, but no one arriving, he called one Niamat Shah, who is said to have instantly appeared, and helped him out of the well. The next day the kurmi reappeared to Muhabbat Shah's hermitage place, but saluted Niamat Shah only and on being asked to explain the omission to pay his respects to Muhabbat Shah, related th story in full. Muhabbat Shah getting enraged with Niamat ordered him to die, which command he carried out at once. Niamat was buried in the Takya (grave-yard). In order to perpetuate his memory, Muhabbat Shah arranged for a fair to be held over his tomb, which is still kept up.
SAFIPUR (Block, Pargana & Tehsil Safipur)
lies on the Unnao-Hardoi road about 27 km north-west of Unnao. It is
said to have been named after a dervesh Makhdum Shah Safi. On his death he
was buried here and the place assumed the name Safipur. Safipur forms the
last resting place of several other derveshes also of whom the chief
are Ifhamullah, Kudrat-ullah, Hafiz-ullah & Abdullah. A famous mausoleum
over the remains of the dervesh
Location & Boundaries
The District is roughly a parallelogram in shape and lies between Lattitude 26°8' N & 27°2' N and Longitude 80°3' E & 81°3' E. It is bounded on the North by District Hardoi , on the East by District Lucknow, on the South by District Rae Bareli and on the West by the Ganga which seperates it from districts of Kanpur & Fatehpur.
Area 4589 Sq. Km.
River Systems & Water Resources
only great river of the district is the
The river is not, however, put to much use either as a waterway or as a source of irrigation. There are several ferries for pedestrians and pilgrims but none of them approaches what may be termed a trade route. The river cannot, as a rule be utilised for irrigation owing to the height of the bank but certain of its small drainage channels or sotas, which run island for a considerable distance in some parganas, are sometimes used to irrigate crops grown in lowlying alluvial lands. Otherwise, cultivated lands lie at great distances and cannot be irrigated from the river whose water would, in order to irrigate these lands, have to be passed through the sands on the sides of the river, and in the process be greatly washed, if not altogether absorbed. The main channel of the river is subject to constant variation and the cultivation in its immediate neighbourhood is, therefore of a shifting kind.
appears from its old high bank that the river has a general tendency to shift
its course to the west. In the days of Akbar, the river skirted the
There is unusually large number of swamps & lakes of great size and value, particularly in the southern & eastern parts of the district. The larger lakes, which hold water all the year round, are the Kundra Samundar near Jhalotar, the lake near Nawalganj, the wide expanse of water near Kantha and the long chain of lakes in pargana Mauranwan. In Tehsil Safipur, the more important tanks are those at Mawai-Bhari and Kursat and the Harial Tal near Mustafabad. In Tehsil Hasanganj, besides the Kundra Samundar at Mawai, there are the Kulli Bani and Jalesar tanks near Ajgain and the chain of lakes called Basaha, which it seems, partakes of certain characteristics of a stream also, travelling a distance of 96 Kms in the district and eventually leaving it for district Rae Bareli where it is reckoned as a tributary of the river Sai. In the western part of the Tehsil are the Katgari lake near Asiwan and the stretches of water at Amarpur, Sambha, Sheothana, Marenda & Asakhera, but in its northern and eastern parts, there are only small and very shallow tanks which dry up when rainfall is deficient.
The temple is situated in mohalla Civil Line,
(Kalyani Devi), Unnao.
The temple is situated in mohalla Moti Nagar (Near R. S. S. Inter College), Unnao.
The temple is situated in mohalla Nurudi Nagar, Unnao.
The Masjid is situated in mohalla A.B. Nagar