Bird Sanctuary | Places of Interest | Geography | Religious Places

 

NAWABGANJ BIRD SANCTUARY

 

 

Uttar pradesh's valuable natural heritage is its variety and abundance of wildlife. The flocks of resident and migratory birds in and around the lakes of India have always been the special attraction during winters. The contribution of birds to maintain the ecological balance is immense. Our country has approximately 1250 species of birds among which about 300 species of birds migrate across Himalayas from Tibet, China, Europe and Siberia during winters. Some of these birds fly over 5000 km and above 8500 mts high to reach our country.

In order to promote proper protection and conservation to the resident and migratory birds Nawabganj Lake and its surrounding area was declared as Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary in 1984. Approximately 250 species of resident and migratory birds are found rowing here. The arrival of migratory birds starts from the month of November. The lake is in its behest during the month of December and January. By the end of February these migratory guests gradually start leaving for their respective destinations. Some resident birds stay here round the year, do nesting and lay eggs.



Birds, wild animals and vegetation of the Sanctuary

 

Migratory Birds:

 

Greylag Goose, Pintail, Common teal, Cotton teal, Red Crested pochard, Brahmini duck, Gadwall, Shoveller, Wigeon, Coot and Mallard etc.

Resident and locally migratory birds:

Spotwill, Sarus crane, Painted Stork, White Ibis, Black Ibis, Dabchick, Whisling teal, Open billed stork, White necked stork, Black necked stork, Spoon bill, Pheasant tailed jacana, Broze winged Jacana, Purple moorrhen, White breasted Water hen, Indian Moorhen, Grebe, Cormorant Darter, Lapwing, Egret, Purple heron, Pond heron, Stone curlew, King fisher, Night jar, Tern vulture, Kite, Partridge, Hawk wagle, Koel, Dove, Pigeon, King crow, Baya, Muniya, Golden oriole, Barbet. Babler, Indian roller, Bee eater, Parakeet, Drongo, Hoopoe, Finch, Peacock, Brain fever bird, Comb duck etc.

 

Fishes:

 

Katla, Mangur, Saul, Sindhi, Kavai etc.

 

Reptiles:

 

Cobra, Viper, Krait, Ratsnake and Water snake etc.

 

Vegetation:

 

Prosopis juliflora, Babul, Acacia auriculiformis, Arjun, Kanji, Siras, Neem, Bargad,Eukeliptus, Gulmohar and some water plants.

 

Deer Park:

 

A deep park is also situated in the bird sanctury area which has Spotted deer and Barking deer.

 

Bird Interpretation centre:

 

To enhance the knowledge of visitors regarding birds an Interpretation Centre is established in the Sanctuary. It has the provision of film shows related to wildlife.

 

Walking trails:

 

To facilitate close observation of birds in the sanctuary two walking trails namely eastern and western trails have been constructed whereupon platforms and benches are placed for rest.

 

Approach:

 

Nawabganj Bird sanctuary is situated in Unnao Distt.,45 Km. from Lucknow and Kanpur on Lucknow-Kanpur National Highway. Buses and taxies are readly available from both cities.

 

PLACES  OF  INTEREST

 

 

BADARQA HARBANS   (Block- Sikandarpur Karan : Pargana- Harha : Tehsil Unnao) 

The village of Badarqa Harbans lies about 11 km south of Unnao near Achalganj at a distance of 3 Km west of Unnao - Rae Bareli road. It was founded  in 1643 AD by Raja Harbans, an official at the court of Shah Jahan, who recieved a grant of 500 Bighas from the Emperor in pargana Harha. He built a fine house here with walls of limestone blocks to a height of about 500m, surmounted with turreted walls, on an elaborate frieze of red stone over the gateway, having alternately Geese & Elephants in pairs. A large hall of audience supported on carved pillars formely stood here, but Asaf-ud-daula is said to have taken these pillars to help building Imambara at Lucknow. The house built by Raja Harbans was was very picturesque and massive, and the strength of its construction was calculated to defy the hands of time.

 

BAKSAR   (Block- Sumerpur : Pargana- Daundia Khera : Tehsil  Bighapur)

Baksar, the southmost village of the district, lies on the left bank of the Ganga, about 5 km south of Daundia Khera and 51 km south-east of Unnao. The place is said to derive its name from a sanskrit word Bakasram denoting the residence of Baka, a rakshas, who founded a town at the site of the present village. He lived here and erected a temple to Nageshwar Nath Mahadeo. Baka is said to have been killed by lord Krishna more than 5000 years ago. It is also said that Raja Abhai Chand, a Bais Rajput conquered  the place naming it after the shrine of Bakeshwar Mahadeo and made it its capital. Ram Bakhsh Singh, the Raja of Daundia Khera, who took an active part in the freedom struggle in 1857 was anged here on a tree over a Temple which was also blown up by the British. The ruins of the Temple and and several broken images are still found in the Village. A bathing fair, attended by a large number of people, is anually held here on the full moon day of Kartika.

 

BANGARMAU (Block- Bangarmau : Pargana- Bangarmau : Tehsil : Safipur)

Bangarmau , a large village, lies in the centre of the Pargana, which derives its name from this village, surrounded by extensive groves. It is situated on the left bank of Kalyani, about 49 km north-west of Unnao and 22 km north-west of Safipur on the Unnao-Hardoi road.

The ancient town of Newal stood close to te site of Bangarmau, and was occupied by Raja Nal, a local ruler and is traditionally associated with ancient site of 'Alavi' of  the Buddhist records and 'Navadevakula' of Huien Tsang's travel accounts. According to Buddhist literature, Buddha stayed here for sometime and preached the gospel. The antiquity of the place is attested by the discovery of earthern black polished wares and other Archaeological finds. One terracotta piece, in particular, representing 'Aradhanarishwari' a rare specimen of its kind in India, was found here and is displayed in the National Museum. The other interesting objects found here include Manshila Mandir, Davendihar & Mahadeo Phulwari.

The Budhawa Mangal fair is held here on the first Tuesday of Chaitra. Two other fairs are also organised here by the villagers, one known as Baboo Mian ka Mela, falls on the Ist Tuesday of Chaitra, and the other, called the fair of  Shitla Devi, falls on the 8th day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra. 

 

DAUNDIA KHERA ( Block- Sumerpur : Pargana-Daundia Khera : Tehsil- Bighapur.)

Also known as Sangrampur, lies on the high bank of Morahi (Naurahi) river about 5 km west of the Unnao-Dalmau road and 29 km south of Purwa.
About the 13th century, one Abhai Chand, a Bais Rajput, drove out the Bhars of Daundia Khere, after fighting a fierce battle. Abhai Chand gave the name of Sangrampur to the village where he fought the battle. Since then it formed the home of the great Bais clan of Rajputs. Ram Bux Singh, talukdar of the place and a descendent of Abhai Chand, was hanged here for participation in the freedom struggle of 1857. 

 

MOHAN   (Block- Hasanganj : Pargana:- Auras-Mohan : Tehsil- Hasanganj)

Mohan, a considerable village lies on the left bank of the Sai river, about 6 km east of Hasanganj and 38 km north-east of Unnao. Roads lead from this place to Malihabad in Dist. Lucknow on the east, Nawabganj on the south and Bangarmau on the north-west. During the days of the Nawabs of Avadh, it was an important town, of which many residents found employment in the court of the Nawab and earned large fortunes. The town was well known for its Unani Hakims, mimics & actors.

        To the south of the village near the Sai, is a high mound, supposed to be the remains of an ancient fort. On this mound is an old tomb of a Muslim Saint.

 

NAWABGANJ (Block- Nawabganj : Pargana- Jhalotar Ajgain : Tehsil- Hasanganj )

Nawabganj lies on the Lucknow-Kanpur National Highway, about 20Km. North-East of Unnao. It was founded in 1842 by Amin-ud-daulah, the prime minister of Avadh who built a serai and a mosque which are still in good condition.

Nawabganj a scene of  heavy fighiting with 'General' Havelock's army after he crossed  the Ganga at Kanpur in July/August 1857. Havelock did not face a regular sepoy army when he crossed into Avadh, Ubdool Huda Khan Kandaharee was despatched with two companies from regiment in Lucknow and 14 Guns to check the General’s Progress, but he was defeated and his guns were captured.

Tuhwar Hussain was then ordered to take command but he refused, and Mohammad Hussain who was formerly Chakladar volunteered and set out against the General. He was  defeated but remained at Nawabganj, and fell upon the British troops, when the General  harassed by the men of the Talooqdars'  Mansab Ali, Jassa Singh, Baboo, Rao Ram Buksh and others, retreated back.    

 

PARIYAR (Block- Sikandarpur  Sirausi : Pargana- Pariyar : Tehsil- Unnao)

Pariyar, which gives its name to a Pargana, lies on the left bank of the Ganga at a distance of about 23 km north-west of Unnao. In the vicinity of the village lies the Mahua Lake.

Tradition has it that in the Treta Yuga, Lakshman at the behest of his brother Rama accompanied Sita to her banishment to this place, which in consequence, came to be known as Parhar, a Sanskrit word meaning abandonment. With the passage of time the name Parhar has been converted to pariyar. It was here that Sita gave birth to Lava & Kusha who were trained in archery by Valmiki, and grew up to be accomplished warriors. They caught Shyambaran, a horse loosed by Rama during Aswamedh Yajna arranged by him and this gave a signal of   for a war between Rama and his Sons whom he did not know.

The village is said to have been founded in the 12th century by Himachal Singh, a Dikhit Thakur. The place possesses 2 temples, one of Balkaneshwar Nath Mahadeo, said to have been built by Lava & Kusha and the other of Janki.

 

PATAN (Takia  (Block - Sumerpur : Pargana-Patan : Tehsil- Bighapur)

Patan lies on the road from Unnao to Allahabad  via Achalganj, about 16 km south of  Purwa. The Rae Bareli-Kanpur branch of the Northern Railway passes by the village which has a Railway station, Takia.

The village possesses a temple dedicated to Lingeshwar Mahadeo, a Tomb of Muhabbat Shah, and an ancient mound ascribed to the Bhars. A large fair known as 'Takia - Ka - Mela', is held hereon the Ist thursday of Paus, in honour of  Niamat Shah, a disciple of  Muhabbat Shah, a darvesh, who was a contemporary of Shuja-ud-daulah and Asaf-ud-daula, nawabs of Avadh. The story goes that once a Kurmi devotee of Muhabbat Shah fell accidently into a dry well and called out his name for help, but no one arriving, he called one Niamat Shah, who is said to have instantly appeared, and helped him out of the well. The next day the kurmi reappeared to Muhabbat Shah's hermitage place, but saluted Niamat Shah only and on being asked to explain the omission  to pay his respects to Muhabbat Shah, related th story in full. Muhabbat Shah getting enraged with Niamat ordered him to die, which command he carried out at once. Niamat was buried in the Takya (grave-yard). In order to perpetuate his memory, Muhabbat Shah arranged for a fair to be held over his tomb, which is still kept up.

 

SAFIPUR     (Block, Pargana & Tehsil Safipur)

Safipur lies on the Unnao-Hardoi road about 27 km north-west of Unnao.  It is said to have been named after a dervesh Makhdum Shah Safi. On his death he was buried here and the place assumed the name Safipur. Safipur forms the last resting place of several other derveshes also of  whom the chief are Ifhamullah, Kudrat-ullah, Hafiz-ullah & Abdullah. A famous mausoleum over the remains of the dervesh Safi  was  erected here. Small urs fairs are held here on the 12th & 22nd day of Rabi-ul-awwal, 20th day of Jamat-us-sani, 12th & 14th days of Rajjab, 8th day of Ramzan and 14th day of Zilhaj.

 

 

GEOGRAPHY OF THE DISTRICT

 

 

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Location  & Boundaries

The District is roughly a parallelogram in shape and lies between Lattitude 26°8' N & 27°2' N and  Longitude 80°3' E & 81°3' E. It is bounded on the North by District Hardoi , on the East by District Lucknow, on the South by District Rae Bareli and on the West by the Ganga which seperates it from districts of Kanpur & Fatehpur.

Area  4589 Sq. Km.

 

Topology
The Ganga and The Sai the  chief rivers of the district have played an important role in fashioning the topology of the district which may be divided into two main parts - The Lowlands and the
Upland.

 

River Systems & Water Resources

The Ganga and the Sai are the main rivers of the district, the former making its western and southern boundaries and the latter, for the greater part of its   course, forming its northern & eastern boundaries. Among the other mainstreams of the district are Kalyani, the Tanai,  the Loni and the Morahi (Naurahi), all tributaries of the Ganga. These rivers generally run dry during the hot weather, but hold water during the greater part of the year and are utilized for irrigation.

 

Ganga

The only great river of the district is the Ganga which first touches the district near the village of Purwa Gahir, in pargana Bangarmau and flows south-eastward, seperating this district from districts Kanpur and Fatehpur. Generally it flows from north-west to the south-east, but it makes several sharp bends such as those near Umriya Bhagwantpur, and Rustampur in tehsil Safipur,   Rautapur in tehsil Unnao and Ratua Khera and Duli Khera in tehsil Purwa. The Ganga receives the Morahi near Baksar where it flows close to its old high bank. It leaves the district at a short distance from Baksar.

The river is not, however, put to much use either as a waterway or as a source of irrigation. There are several ferries for pedestrians and pilgrims but none of them approaches what may be termed a trade route. The river cannot, as a rule be utilised for irrigation owing to the height of the bank but certain of its small drainage channels or sotas, which   run island for a considerable distance in some parganas, are sometimes used to irrigate crops grown in lowlying alluvial lands. Otherwise, cultivated lands lie at great distances and cannot be irrigated from the river whose water would, in order to irrigate these lands, have to be passed through the sands on the sides of the river, and in the process be greatly washed, if not altogether absorbed. The main channel of the river is subject to constant variation and the cultivation in its immediate neighbourhood is, therefore of a shifting kind.

It appears from its old high bank that the river has a general tendency to shift its course to the west. In the days of Akbar, the river skirted the village of Ghatampur but has since then so altered its course that it now runs about 8 km to the south-west of this village.

 

Lakes

There is unusually large number of swamps & lakes of great size and value, particularly in the southern & eastern parts of the district. The larger lakes, which hold water all the year round, are the Kundra Samundar near Jhalotar, the lake near Nawalganj, the wide expanse of water near Kantha and the long chain of lakes in pargana Mauranwan. In Tehsil Safipur, the more important tanks are those at Mawai-Bhari and Kursat and the Harial Tal near Mustafabad. In Tehsil Hasanganj, besides the Kundra Samundar at Mawai, there are the Kulli Bani and Jalesar tanks near Ajgain and the chain of lakes called Basaha, which it seems, partakes of certain characteristics of a stream   also, travelling a distance of 96 Kms in the district and eventually leaving it for district Rae Bareli where it is reckoned as a tributary of the river Sai. In the western part of the Tehsil are the Katgari lake near Asiwan and the stretches of water at Amarpur, Sambha, Sheothana, Marenda & Asakhera, but in its northern and eastern parts, there are only small and very shallow tanks which dry up when rainfall is deficient.

 

RELIGIOUS   PLACES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kalyani Mandir

The temple is situated in mohalla Civil Line,

(Kalyani Devi), Unnao.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hanuman Mandir

The temple is situated in mohalla Moti Nagar (Near R. S. S. Inter College), Unnao.

 

 

 

                                                         


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sidhnath Mandir

The temple is situated in mohalla Nurudi Nagar, Unnao.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jama Masjid

 

The Masjid is situated in mohalla A.B. Nagar

(Sunder Cinema Road), Unnao.